Further reading and references used in the course.

Chapter 1: Introduction

  • Berwick D.M., Nolan T.W., Whittington J. 2008. The Triple Aim: care, health, and cost. Health Aff (Millwood). 2008;27(3):759–769.
  • Bodenheimer T and Sinsky C. 2014. From Triple to Quadruple Aim: Care of the Patient Requires Care of the Provider. Ann Fam Med. 12(6): 573–576. doi: 10.1370/afm.1713
  • Donabedian A. 1988. The quality of care. How can it be assessed? JAMA. 1988 Sep 23-30;260(12):1743–8. http://dx.doi.org pmid: 3045356
  • Essenburgh. The 3 differences between Value Based Healthcare and Triple Aim that you need to know. Available at: https://www.essenburgh.com (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • European Union 2019. Defining Value in “Value-Based Healthcare” Report of the Expert Panel on effective ways of investing in Health (EXPH). Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union, 2019 ISBN 978-92-76-08992-6 doi:10.2875/35471 EW-04-19-516-EN-N
  • Helliwell, John F., Layard, Richard, Sachs, Jeffrey and De Neve, Jan-Emmanuel eds. 2020. World Happiness Report 2020. New York: Sustainable Development Solutions Network https://worldhappiness.report (Accessed 24 August 2020)
  • Hurst L, Mahtani K, Pluddemann A, Lewis S, Harvey K, Briggs A, Boyle A, Bajwa R, Haire K, Entwistle A, Handa A and Heneghan C. Defining Value-based Healthcare in the NHS: CEBM report. https://www.cebm.net (Accessed  24 August 2020)
  • IHME. Financing Global Health 2018. Countries and Programs in Transition.  Available at: http://www.healthdata.org (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Kelley E., Hurst J. 2006. Health care quality indicators project: conceptual framework paper. OECD Health Working Papers. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; 2006.
  • Micah, Angela, Dieleman, Joseph, Kahn Case, Margot 2019. Financing Global Health 2018. Countries and Programs in Transition. IHME.  Available at: http://www.healthdata.org(Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • IOM (Institute of Medicine). Crossing the quality chasm: a new health system for the 21st century. Washington: National Academies Press; 2001.
  • Nordic Council of Ministers. 2018. In the Shadow of Happiness. Publication number: 2018:799 http://norden.diva-portal.org
  • OECD 2018. Health Working Papers. OECD Health Working Paper No. 104. WHICH POLICIES INCREASE VALUE FOR MONEY IN HEALTH CARE? https://www.oecd-ilibrary.org
  • OECD 2017. Tackling Wasteful Spending on Health, OECD Publishing, Paris, https://doi.org
  • OECD 2010. Improving value in health care: measuring quality. OECD Health Policy Studies. Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development; 2010.
  • Statista. Global No. 1 Business Data Platform. Available at: www.statista.com   (Accessed 27 August 2020)
  • Ståhl, T. (2018). Health in All Policies: From rhetoric to implementation and evaluation – the Finnish experience. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 46(20_suppl), 38–46. https://doi.org
  • WHO 1978. World Health Organization . Declaration of Alma-Ata. In: International conference on primary health care, Alma-Ata, USSR, 6–12 September 1978. http://www.who.int
  • World Health Organization 2013. The Helsinki Statement on Health in All Policies. Available at: https://www.who.int (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Xu K., Soucat A. & Kutzin J. et al. 2018. Public Spending on Health: A Closer Look at Global Trends. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2018 (WHO/HIS/HGF/HFWorkingPaper/18.3). Licence: CC BY-NC-SA 3.0 IGO

Chapter 2: Provider value-based healthcare

  • American Joint Committee on Cancer – Prostate Cancer Staging 7th edition. https://cancerstaging.org
  • Andersson E., Svensson J., Persson U., Lindgren P. 2020. Risk sharing in managed entry agreements-A review of the Swedish experience. Health Policy. 2020 Apr;124(4):404-410. doi: 10.1016/j.healthpol.2020.02.002. Epub 2020 Feb 18.
  • Augustovski, Federico, McClellan, Mark 2019. Current Policy and Practice for Value-Based  Pricing. Value in Health 2019; 22(6): S5-S6.  https://www.valueinhealthjournal.com
  • Australian Commission on Safety and Quality in Health Care.National arrangements for clinical quality registries.  Available at: https://www.safetyandquality.gov.au (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Baâdoudi, F., Maskrey N., Listl S., van der Heijden G.J.M.G., Duijster, D.  2016. Improving oral healthcare: towards measurement? British Dental Journal 2016; 221: 547-548.  https://www.nature.com
  • Baumgarten A. 2017. Analysis of Integrated Delivery Systems and New Provider-Sponsored Health Plans. Value-Based Payment Reform  An RWJF Collection. https://www.rwjf.org (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Carlson J. J., Garrison L. P., Sullivan S. D. (2009). Paying for outcomes: innovative coverage and reimbursement schemes for pharmaceuticals. J. Manag. Care Pharm. 15: 683–687. 10.18553/jmcp.2009.15.8.683
  • Cavlan,Olivia, Grey,Lewis, Gyurjyan,Gayane, Krych, Adam, Llewellyn,Chris, Zerbi,Christian 2018. The European public-procurement opportunity: Delivering Value in Medtech. McKinsey&Company. Available at: https://www.mckinsey.com (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Cella D., Hahn E.A., Jensen S.E. (2015). Patient-Reported Outcomes in Performance Measurement https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Available at: https://www.cms.gov/ (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Chung S.C., Gedeborg R., Nicholas O., James S., Jeppsson A., Wolfe C., et al 2014. Acute myocardial infarction: a comparison of short-term survival in national outcome registries in Sweden and the UK. Lancet. 2014;383:1305–12. https://www.thelancet.com
  • Covance 2020. The challenges associated with evaluating the cost benefit of gene therapies and enabling patient access. https://www.covance.com
  • Derks, Jan, Håkansson, Jan,  Wennström, Jan L., Klinge, Björn,  Berglundh, Tord 2015. Patient-reported outcomes of dental implant therapy in large randomly selected sample. Clinical Oral Implants Research 2015; 26(5): 586-591. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com
  • Dholakia, Utpal 2016. A Quick Guide to Value-Based Pricing. Harvard Business Review. Available at: https://hbr.org (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Duodecim Käypä hoito 2014. Eturauhassyöpä. https://www.kaypahoito.fi
  • Dummit .L.A., Kahvecioglu D., Marrufo G., et al. 2016. Association Between Hospital Participation in a Medicare Bundled Payment Initiative and Payments and Quality Outcomes for Lower Extremity Joint Replacement Episodes. JAMA. 2016;316(12):1267–1278. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12717
  • Esade Konwledge 2019. Could Public Procurement Boost Innovation? Available at: https://www.esadeknowledge.com (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Gerecke, Götz, Miotto, Andrea, Schenck Mill 2017. Moving Beyond the “Milkman” Model in Medtech Available at: https://www.bcg.com (Accessed 28 August 20202)
  • Glickman A., Dinh C., and Navathe A.S. 2018. The Current State of Evidence on Bundled Payments Effects on cost, quality, access, and equity. LDI ISSUE BRIEF Date: 8 October, 2018 Volume 22, Number 3 https://ldi.upenn.edu
  • Hofmarcher, Thomas, Lindgren, Peter, Wilking, Nils, Jönsson, Bengt 2020. The Cost of Cancer in Europe 2018. European Journal of Cancer 2020. Volume 129: 41-49. Available at: https://doi.org (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Huland, Hartwig (2018). Systematic, standardized outcome measurement for clinical science and quality control. Available at: https://www.regioner.dk (Accessed 22 August 2020)
  • ICER Guide to understanding Health Technology Assessment (HTA)
  • ICHOM “Standard set”. available at: https://www.ichom.org(Accessed 22 August 2020)
  • ICHOM. Why measure outcomes? Available at: https://www.ichom.org (Accessed 20 Aug 2020)
  • Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF). 2020. “Medicare Delivery System Reform: The Evidence Link” Available at: https://www.kff.org  (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Kelley, T.A. 2015.  International Consortium for Health Outcomes Measurement (ICHOM). Trials. 2015;16(Suppl 3):O4. Published 2015 Nov 24. doi:10.1186/1745-6215-16-S3-O4
  • Kim, A.H., Roberts, C., et al. 2018. Developing a Standard Set of Patient-Centered Outcomes for Inflammatory Bowel Disease – an International, Cross-disciplinary Consensus. J Crohn Colitis. 2018; 28; 12 (4): 408-418. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • Kindig, D., Stoddart, G. 2003. What is population health?. Am J Public Health. 2003;93(3):380–383. doi:10.2105/ajph.93.3.380
  • The King´s Fund. Available at: https://www.kingsfund.org.uk (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • The King´s Fund. Kaiser Permanente, United States. Available at: https://www.kingsfund.org.uk (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Lewis, M. and K. Correa. 2019. “Driving Value-Based Care: Accountable Care Organizations in Emerging Markets.” Aceso Global Policy Working Paper No. 2. Washington, DC: Aceso Global.
  • Listl, Stefan 2019. Value-Based Oral Health Care: Moving Forward With Dental Patient-Reported Outcomes. Science Direct 2019;19 (3): 255-259. https://www.sciencedirect.com
  • Margolis center for health policy. Available at: https://healthpolicy.duke.edu (Accessed 2020)
  • Martin, Neil E. 2015. Defining a Standard Set of Patient-centered Outcomes for Men with Localized Prostate Cancer. European Urology 2015; 67(3): 460-467. https://www.europeanurology.com
  • Mayo Clinic. Gene Therapy. Available at: https://www.mayoclinic.org (Accessed 20 August  2020)
  • McClellan, M., McKethan, A.N., Lewis, J.L., Roski, J., and Fisher, E.S. 2010. A National Strategy To Put Accountable Care Into Practice. Health Affairs 2010; 29:5: 982-990.
  • Miller, H.D. 2009. From Volume To Value: Better Ways To Pay For Health Care. Health Affairs 2009; 28:5: 1418-1428. https://www.healthaffairs.org
  • Muhlestein, D. et al. 2018 “Recent Progress In The Value Journey: Growth Of ACOs And Value-Based Payment Models In 2018" Health Affairs Blog, August 14, 2018. DOI: 10.1377/hblog20180810.481968
  • Navathe, A.S., Troxel, A.B., Liao, J.M., et al. Cost of Joint Replacement Using Bundled Payment Models. JAMA Intern Med. 2017;177(2):214–222. doi:10.1001/jamainternmed.2016.8263
  • OECD. Better ways to pay for health care. Organisation for Economic Co‐operation and Development; 2016. https://www.oecd.org
  • Pauwels, K., Huys, I., Vogler, S., Casteels, M., Simoens, S 2017. Managed Entry Agreements for Oncology Drugs: Lessons from the European Experience to Inform the Future. Front Pharmacol. 2017;8:171. Published 2017 Apr 4. doi:10.3389/fphar.2017.00171
  • Pearl, Robert and Madwig, Philip 2020. Managing the most expensive patients. Harvard Business Review. Available at: https://hbr.org(Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Peterson, A., Hanberger, L., Akesson, K., Bojestig, M., Andersson, Gäre B, Samuelsson, U 2014. Improved results in paediatric diabetes care using a quality registry in an improvement collaborative: a case study in Sweden. PLoS One. 2014;9(5):e97875. Published 2014 May 27. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0097875
  • Pimperl, A 2018. Re-orienting the Model of Care: Towards Accountable Care Organizations. Int J Integr Care. 2018;18(1):15. Published 2018 Apr 11. doi:10.5334/ijic.4162
  • Porter, M.E.: What is value in health care? N Engl J Med 2010; 363: 2477–2481
  • Porter, Michael E., Lee, Thomas H. 2013. The Strategy that Will Fix Healthcare. Harvard Business Review. Available at: https://hbr.org (Accessed 26 August 2020).
  • Rawla, P. 2019. Epidemiology of Prostate Cancer. World J Oncol. 2019;10(2):63–89. doi:10.14740/wjon1191
  • Saarelma, Osmo 2020. Eturauhassyöpä. Duodecim Terveyskirjasto. Available at: https://www.terveyskirjasto.fi(Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • STEENHUIS, S., STRUIJS, J., KOOLMAN, X., KET, J. and VAN DER HIJDEN, E. (2020), Unraveling the Complexity in the Design and Implementation of Bundled Payments: A Scoping Review of Key Elements From a Payer's Perspective. The Milbank Quarterly, 98: 197-222. doi:10.1111/1468-0009.12438
  • Stowell, Caleb, Akerman, Christina, 2015. Better Value in Health Care Requires Focusing on Outcomes. Harvard Business Review. https://hbr.org
  • “Swediabkids - Swedish national quality registry for diabetes in children and adolescents Annual Report 2018”
  • “Swedish National Quality Registries and Their Contribution to the Best Possible Care for Patients” Slides by Johan Thor, MD, MPH, PhD Vinnvård Fellow of Improvement Science The Jönköping Academy for Improvement of Health and Welfare.
  • The commonwealth fund. Available at: https://www.commonwealthfund.org(Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Valence Health. Solutions for Value-Based Care. Models of Value-Based Reimbursement. A Valence Health Primer. https://www.integration.samhsa.gov
  • Wilcox, N. and McNeil, J.J. 2016. Clinical quality registries have the potential to drive improvements in the appropriateness of care. Med J Aust 2016; 205 (10): S21-S26. doi: 10.5694/mja15.00921
  • World Cancer Research Fund. Prostate cancer statistics. https://www.wcrf.org Accessed August 20, 2020.
  • World Economic Forum 2017. Value in Healthcare. Laying the Foundation for Health System Transformation. Available at:  https://innovation.cms.gov
  • Yasaitis, L.C., Pajerowski, W., Polsky, D., Werner, R.M 2006. Physicians' Participation In ACOs Is Lower In Places With Vulnerable Populations Than In More Affluent Communities. Health Aff (Millwood). 2016;35(8):1382–1390. doi:10.1377/hlthaff.2015.1635

Chapter 3: Societal value-based healthcare

  • Afshin, A., Forouzanfar, M.H., et al. GBD 2015 Obesity Collaborators. Health Effects of Overweight and Obesity in 195 Countries over 25 Years. N Engl J Med. 2017;377(1):13–27. doi:10.1056/NEJMoa1614362
  • Bauer, U.E., Briss, P.A., Goodman, R.A., Bowman, B.A. 2014. Prevention of chronic disease in the 21st century: elimination of the leading preventable causes of premature death and disability in the USA. Lancet. 2014;384(9937):-. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(14)60648-6
  • Bloom, D.E. & Canning, D. 2000. Policy forum: public health. The health and wealth of nations. Science. 287 (5456): 1207, 1209.
  • Brennan, P., Perola, M., van Ommen, G.J., Riboli, E.2017.  European Cohort Consortium. Chronic disease research in Europe and the need for integrated population cohorts. Eur J Epidemiol. 2017;32(9):741–749. doi:10.1007/s10654-017-0315-2Council of the European Commission. Reflection Process: Innovative Approaches for Chronic Diseases in Public Health and Healthcare Systems. Brussels, Council of the European Union, 2013. Available at: http://ec.europa.eu (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Brookings 2017. Global Economy and Development. Webinar: Impact Bonds in health. Available at: https://www.brookings.edu (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Bunker, J.P., Frazier, H.S., Mosteller, F. (1995).  “The Role of Medical Care in Determining Health: Creating an Inventory of Benefits,” in Society and Health , ed. B.C. Amick III et al. (New York: Oxford University Press, 1995 ), 305–341.
  • Bynum, B. 2008. McKeown thesis. The Lancet. Volume 371, Issue 9613, 23–29 February 2008, Pages 644-645 https://doi.org
  • Canadian Institutes of Health Research—Institute of Population and Public Health (CIHR-IPPH) conceptual framework of population health.
  • Carè, Rosella, Ferraro, Giuseppe 2019. Funding Innovative Healthcare Programs Through Social Impact Bonds: Issues and Challenges. China-USA Business Review 2019; 18(1): 1-15. https://www.davidpublisher.com
  • Durham, G.,  Kill, B.1999.  Public health funding mechanisms in New Zealand, Aust Health Rev 1999 vol. 22 (pg. 100-12)
  • Etches, V.,  Frank, J., Di Ruggiero, E.,  Manuel, D. 2006. MEASURING POPULATION HEALTH: A Review of Indicators Annual Review of Public Health 2006 27:1, 29-55
  • European Union EU research Leads Battle against Obesity epidemic: European Commission, 2015 [cited 2015 22/09/2015] Available at: http://ec.europa.eu (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Finnish institute for health and welfare: National FinHealth study 2017, Available at: http://www.julkari.fi(Accessed 3 September 2020)
  • Flegal, K.M., Kit, B.K , Orpana ,H, Graubard, B.I. 2013. Association of all-cause mortality with overweight and obesity using standard body mass index categories: A systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2013;309:71–82.
  • Fraser, Alec,  Tan, Stefanie, Kruithof, Kristy, Sim, Megan, Disley, Emma, Giacomantonio, Chris, Lagarde, Mylene, Mays, Nicholas 2018. Evaluation of the Social Impact Bond Trailblazers in Health and Social Care. Final Report. Policy Innovation Research Unit. https://piru.ac.uk
  • Galea S. 2016. Public health as public good. Dean´s note. January 10, 2016. https://www.bu.edu
  • Goettler, A., Grosse, A., Sonntag, D. 2017. Productivity loss due to overweight and obesity: a systematic review of indirect costsBMJ Open 2017;7:e014632. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2016-014632
  • Hemenway, D.2010.  Why we don't spend enough on public health, N Engl J Med; 2010, vol. 362 (pg. 1657-8)
  • Hurst, L., Mahtani, K., Pluddemann, A., Lewis, S., Harvey, K., Briggs, A., Boyle, A., Bajwa, R., Haire, K., Entwistle, A., Handa, A., Heneghan, C. Defining Value-based Healthcare in the NHS: CEBM report. Available at: https://www.cebm.net(Accessed 22 August 2020)
  • IHME 2020 http://www.healthdata.org/
  • Jacobs, Andrew 2018. In Sweeping War on Obesity, Chile Slays Tony the Tiger. The New York Times. Available at: https://www.nytimes.com (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Linell, A., Richardson, M. X., & Wamala, S. (2013). The Swedish National Public Health Policy Report 2010. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health, 41(10_suppl), 3–56. https://doi.org
  • Masters, Rebecca,  Anwar, Elspeth, Collins, Brendan,  Capewell, Simon 2017. Return on investment of public health interventions: a systematic review. Journal of Epidemiology and Community Health 2017. 71(8). 827-834. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov
  • McGinnis, J.M., Williams-Russo, P., Knickman, J.R. 2002.  The case for more active policy attention to health promotion. Health Aff (Millwood) 2002;21(2):78–93.
  • McKeown, T.,  Brown, R.G. 1955. Medical evidence related to English population changes in the eighteenth century. Popul Stud. 1955; 9: 119-141
  • Morgan, D., & Astolfi, R. (2015). Financial impact of the GFC: Health care spending across the OECD. Health Economics, Policy and Law, 10(1), 7-19. doi:10.1017/S1744133114000218
  • Muller, D.C., Murphy, N., Johansson, M., et al. 2016. Modifiable causes of premature death in middle-age in Western Europe: results from the EPIC cohort study. BMC Med. 2016;14:87. Published 2016 Jun 14. doi:10.1186/s12916-016-0630-6
  • Observatory of Public Sector Innovation. Social Outcomes Fund. Available at: https://oecd-opsi.org (Accessed 20 August 2020.)
  • Pineda, E., Sanchez-Romero, L.M., Brown, M., et al. 2018. Forecasting Future Trends in Obesity across Europe: The Value of Improving Surveillance. Obes Facts. 2018;11(5):360–371. doi:10.1159/000492115
  • Public Health England Data Factsheet Adult Obesity International Comparisons. London. 2016 Available at: https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Policy Innovation Research Unit. Current Projects. Social Impact Bonds for Health and Social Care. Available at: https://piru.ac.uk (Accessed 20 August 2020.)
  • Public Health England. https://webarchive.nationalarchives.gov.uk
  • Puska, Pekka, Vartiainen, Erkki,  Laatikainen, Tiina, Jousilahti, Pekka, Paavola, Meri 2009. The North Karelia Project: From North Karelia to National Action. Helsinki University Printing House.  https://thl.fi
  • Richardson, A.K. 2012. Investing in public health: barriers and possible solutions, Journal of Public Health, Volume 34, Issue 3, August 2012, Pages 322–327, https://doi.org
  • Struckmann, V., Snoeijs, S., Melchiorre, M.G., Hujala, A., Rijken, M., Quentin, W., van Ginneken, E.2014.  Caring for people with multiple chronic conditions in Europe. Eurohealth Incorporating Euro Obs. 2014;20(3):35–40. http://www.icare4eu.org.
  • Taillie, L.S., Reyes, M., Colchero, M.A., Popkin, B., Corvalán, C. (2020) An evaluation of Chile’s Law of Food Labeling and Advertising on sugar-sweetened beverage purchases from 2015 to 2017: A before-and-after study. PLoS Med 17(2): e1003015. https://doi.org
  • Viney, R. 1999. Commentary: public health funding mechanisms in New Zealand, Aust Health Rev, 1999, vol. 22 (pg. 115-7)
  • Volaco, A.,  Cavalcanti, A.M.,  Pecoits  Filho, R.,  Bertolim  Précoma, D. 2018. Socioeconomic Status: The Missing Link Between Obesity and Diabetes Mellitus? Current Diabetes Reviews. 14(4): 321-326 issn 1573-3998/1875-6417, doi 10.2174/1573399813666170621123227
  • Vos, T., Barber, R.M., Bell, B., Bertozzi-Villa, A., Biryukov, S., Bolliger, I., et al. 2015. Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 301 acute and chronic diseases and injuries in 188 countries, 1990–2013:a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013. Lancet. 2015;386:743–800.
  • Wise, Alexis 2017. A Health Outcomes Fund for Canada. How paying for outcomes could improve health and deliver better value for money. https://www.marsdd.com
  • World Health Organization World Health Statistics 2015. Luxembourg, WHO. 2015

Chapter 4: Finland

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  • Coxa. Available at: https://www.coxa.fi/en/ (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Euroopan Komissio. EU:n toimivalta. Available at: https://ec.europa.eu (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • European Commission. State of Health in the EU. Finland. Country Health Profile (2017). Available at: https://www.euro.who.int (Accessed 1 September 2020)
  • Finance Finland, FFI available at: www.finanssiala.fi (Accessed 1 September 2020)
  • Finnish Institute for health and welfare 2020. Biopank info. Available at: https://thl.fi (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Harjula, Minna 2006. Suomalainen terveyspolitiikka 1900-luvulla: muuttuvat uhkat ja ratkaisut. Sosiaalilääketieteellinen aikakauslehti 2006; 43.  Available at: https://journal.fi (Accessed 31 August 2020)
  • Health at a Glance 2019: OECD Indicators (2019). Hip and Knee Surgery. Available at: DOI:https://doi.org  (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Heikkilä, Iiro,  Kuusisto, Hanna,  Holmberg, Markus,  Palomäki, Ari 2019. Fast Protocol for Treating Ischemic Stroke by Emergency Physicians. Annals of Emergency Medicine An International Journal 2019; 7 (2):105-112. https://www.annemergmed.com
  • Heikkilä, Iiro,  Kuusisto, Hanna, Stolberg, Alexandr,  Palomäki, Ari 2016. Stroke thrombolysis given by emergency physicians cuts in-hospital delays significantly immediately after implementing a new treatment protocol. Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency  Medicine 2016; 24(6). https://sjtrem.biomedcentral.com
  • Helminen, Riikka 2020. Tesoman hyvinvointiallianssin yleisesittely.
  • Helsingin Biopankki. Available at:  https://www.helsinginbiopankki.fi (Accessed 22 August 2020)
  • Kari, Aarno, Mussalo, Petteri 2012. Suomalaisen tehohoidon vertaisarvioinnin alkuvaiheet. Finnanest 2012; 45(4): 316-322.  http://www.finnanest.fi
  • Kela 2019. Social security in Finland. Available at: https://www.kela.fi (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Kela 2017. Tutkimusblogi. Äitiyspakkaus osana kansanterveystyötä. Available at: http://blogi.kansanelakelaitos.fi (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Kela 2020. Äitiysavustus. Available at:  https://www.kela.fi (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Kela 2019. Äitiysavustuksen historia. Available at: https://www.kela.fi (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Korpelainen, Vesa et al. 1999. TAUTIEN EHKÄISY JA TERVEYDEN EDISTÄMINEN POHJOIS-KARJALASSA Terveyskäyttäytymisen ja prosessitekijöiden muutoksia vuosina 1978 – 1998. Kansanterveyslaitoksen jukaisuja. https://www.julkari.fi
  • Kuusisto, Hanna, Heikkilä, Iiro, Palomäki, Ari 2016. Aivoinfarktin hoitoketju uudistettiin. Suomen Lääkärilehti 2016; 22.
  • Lastensuojelun Keskusliitto. Lapset SIB. Available at: https://www.lskl.fi(Accessed 22 August 2020)
  • Lumio, Jukka 2018. Niveltulehdus (artriitti). Duodecim Terveyskirjasto 2018. Available at: https://www.terveyskirjasto.fi (Accessed 26 August 2020)
  • Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. Health Care in Finland 2013. http://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi
  • Ministry of Social Affairs and Health. Health Services. Available at: https://stm.fi(Accessed 22 August 2020)
  • Ministry of Social Affairs and Health 2015. The maternity package - just one of Finland's many social innovations. Available at: https://stm.fi (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke. Tissue Plasminogen Activator for Acute Ischemic Stroke  AvaiLABLE AT: https://www.ninds.nih.gov(Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • OECD 2019. Country Health Profiles 2019. Available at: http://www.oecd.org(Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Reinikainen, Matti et al. 2012. Suomen tehohoitokonsortion laatutietokannan hyödyntäminen tieteellisessä tutkimuksessa. Finnanest 2012; 45(4): 324-329.  http://www.finnanest.fi
  • Reinikainen, Matti, Varpula, Tero 2018. Suomalainen tehohoito. Lääketieteellinen aikakausikirja Duodecim 2018; 134 (2). https://www.duodecimlehti.fi
  • Sitra 2019. Children SIB. Available at: https://www.sitra.fi(Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Sosiaali- ja terveysministeriö. Sosiaali-, ja terveysministeriö 100 vuotta. Available at: https://stm.fi (Accessed 20 August 2020)
  • Sosiaali- ja terveysministeriö 2019. Sosiaali- ja terveysministeriön raportteja ja muistioita. Laki sosiaali- ja terveystietojen toissijaisesta käytöstä (toisiolaki) http://julkaisut.valtioneuvosto.fi Sosiaali- ja terveysministeriö.  2019. Secondary use of health and social data Available at: https://stm.fi/(Accessed 20 August 2020)
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Chapter 5: Conclusion

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